Prison Became Icon Of Democracy
Today, Constitution Hill functions as a museum, as well as a symbol of democracy in South Africa. It was however, once home to a military fort as well as the Constitutional Court of South Africa. The site has no shortage of a history with war stories, human rights cases and political imprisonment.
The prison began in 1892, when Paul Kruger, the president of the time approved it’s construction. The site was chosen since it sits looking over Johannesburg.
The Old Fort, which also was used to hold prisoners over time, was built in 1896 when the British tried to fight the government at the time. Prisoners of war were held in that fort during the South African War.
Another section of cells, known as Number Four, opened in 1902 due to the mass numbers in the prison. It was intended to be there only temporarily, however it was used for an entire 80 years.
In 1948, the Nationalist government took over and Apartheid came too. More and more prisoners started to come and it was highly overcrowded, with over 90,000 prisoners locked up the facility.
Many well-known figures were kept there as prisoners, including Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, Fatima Meer, Joe Slovo and many others. With thousands of prisoners together in such a small and crowded place, there was terrible issues of disease and sanitation.
Following nearly a century, the prison closed. It reopened as a living museum in the 1990s, the one we know today. It now honors South Africa’s struggle for democracy.
You may also like
The Life of the Incredible Kevin De Bruyne
The Ginger Pele, one of the most decorated midfielders in soccer history was recently pulled out of a fateful game versus Chelsea in the Champions League final. A tactical genius, one of soccer's sharpest minds, a disciplined hard worker, and a contender for 2021 player of the year, De Bruyne's absence obviously had something to do with the fact that the universally desired Champions League trophy had eluded Manchester City's grasp yet again. And while his greatness is undeniably true, what el
The Most Unorthodox Pieces of Classical Music
To our modern ears, classical music can sometimes seem like somewhat of a snoozefest. The rigid accuracy, the overly-pedantic obsession with tradition, the long pieces; all these make for an experience very much at odds with what a modern audience tends to gravitate to. Yet, the world of classical music is vast and, at times, surreal. These are some of the weirdest pieces of classical music we know about.
The Dark Underside of Studio Ghibli
No offense to Disney and Dreamworks, but Japan is and has been the world capital of animated works for quite some time now not only in the east but also in the west. And while there are plenty of amazing animation studios and genius animators widely known in Japan, many of them don't actually get to enjoy the same amount of notoriety and success in the west. This, however, isn't true for the renowned Studio Ghibli, who have proved time after time that they are the undisputed kings of blockbuster
The Hottest and Coldest Record-Breakers in Music
Look, there's no getting around it. An overwhelming majority of musicians and aspiring artists are destined to be, at best, pretty good. Not amazing, and definitely not unprecedented or record-breaking. But there are a handful of bands who've managed to do the impossible and cement their singular place in music history. For better or worse. These are some of the most interesting musical records ever set!
Who Was William Shakespeare?
On this day, 412 years ago, William Shakespeare's sonnets were published in London for the first time. Yet, even today, the question of Shakespeare's identity pertains. His character is still shrouded in mystery, leading many paranoid enthusiasts to question the authenticity of his personhood. The tradition of doubting Shakespeare's existence as William Shakespeare, the humble son of a glover, has been around since the late 19th century at the least. Shakespeare skeptics are adamant that there i